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BROWN BEARS
(Ursus Arctos "Bear Bear")

Click on images to inlarge.

Current population: Approximately 80,000

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Physical Information

Adult Male
Approximate Length: 2.4 - 3 m (8 - 10 ft.)
Approximate Height at Shoulder: 1.2 - 1.5 m (4 - 5 ft)
Average Weight: 454 kg (1000 lbs)
Approximate Life Span in Wild: 25 years

Adult Female
Approximate Length: 2 - 2.4 m (6 - 8 ft.)
Approximate Height at Shoulder: 1 - 1.2 m (3 - 4 ft)
Average Weight: 272 kg (600 lbs)
Approximate Life Span in Wild: 25 years


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brownbear3s.jpg Brown Bears currently live south of the sub Arctic regions of the globe, in areas like Alaska and Siberia. Brown Bears are the largest land based carnivore in the world with adult Brown Bears reaching an average weight of 454 kg (1000 lbs) and the largest recorded weight of 1272 kg (2800 lbs). Brown Bears live in a wide range of environments, forested areas, rivers and streams but seem to like open areas, plains and grass lands. Brown Bears are solitary animals except for a mother with cubs. Cubs stay with their mothers for about 2.5 years and in that time they will learn how to hunt and survive on their own. After which the mother will chase off the cubs when she is ready to breed again in May or June. Male Brown Bears have little to do with the cubs other than impregnating the female and will often times kill the cubs to bring the female back into estrus. Female Brown Bears though will fiercely protect the cubs even if it means her own life.

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About 40% of Brown Bear cubs never reach maturity but once a Brown Bear reaches maturity there is very little that it has to worry about, other than humans or a larger bear. Current Brown Bear population is estimated at 80,000 and is stable for now but the future of the Brown Bear is questionable with the encroachment of man on their territory. Mankind has already wiped out almost all the Brown Bears from the continental US and much of Canada as well as all of Europe and much of Asia. Brown Bears are tough and cope with their environments very well. They spend about half their lives hibernating and the other half gorging themselves for the winter hibernation. Brown Bears fur is thick (approximately 152 mm (6 in)) and varies in color from black to almost pure white but is primarily brown. The Brown Bears fur is comprised of 2 layers, the first layer is a coarse outer layer the second is a silky under layer that is water repellent and helps to keep the Brown Bear dry. Brown bears like the water and spend a great deal of time swimming and fishing. Some Brown bears have been known to swim for over 96 km (60 mi) nonstop.

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brownbear8s.jpg A Brown Bears eyesight and hearing is about the same as human's but their olfactory system is about a hundred times more sensitive than that of a human's. Their sense of smell is so acute that they can locate their prey from kilometers (miles) away. They use their sense of smell to locate food and mates during the breeding season. Brown Bears are classified as carnivores and do hunt other animals but for the most part their diet is comprised of plants like grasses and roots. Coastal Brown Bears though enjoy the benefits of the annual salmon run which provides them with a rich food source. This food source is why coastal Brown Bears tend to grow larger than inland Brown Bears. A Brown Bear is very skillful at catching salmon and can often catch more than he can eat, which for some bears means more than 80 salmon a day.

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Brown Bears a highly intelligent and they have an excellent memory. Brown Bears are very curious creatures who like to explore their surroundings looking for food and sometimes toys to play with. Brown Bears are capable of solving complex problems and will retain the information that they gain from it and continue to learn and adapt throughout their entire life. Most of the pictures on this web page were taking in Alaska, US and British Columbia, Canada where the Brown Bears are still doing well despite hunting and human encroachment. People in these areas are starting to learn that the Brown Bears are more valuable as a tourist attraction than a trophy which in most cases is better for the bears.

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